Youths’ Online Political Participation in Ethiopia; A Study of Students’ Facebook Usage in Some Selected Public Universities
This study was conducted to examine youths’ online political participation in Ethiopia with a focus on students’ Facebook usage in six randomly selected universities. The research specifically aimed to study the extent of participation, the main online political activities, and factors that determine such involvements. For this purpose, the research utilized a quantitative method with survey design. The sample size was 400 and the samples were selected by using the simple random method. Inferential and descriptive statistics were used for analysis. Accordingly, the research found limited youth’s involvement in those activities that require more commitments and efforts while they found to be active in activities that require low efforts and commitments. Low political efficacy and fear of political measures were found to be the main factors that force youths to have limited involvement in activities that require more efforts and commitments.
Abdu, D. et’al. (2016). New perspectives to political participation among youth: The impact of Facebook usage. The European proceedings of Social and Behavioral sciences, 128-134.
Alemayehu G.M. (2010). Cartoon Democracy: Ethiopia's 2010 Election. International Journal of Ethiopian Studies, 5, (2), 27-51. Tsehai Publishers.
Ali,S. & Suhana, S. (2015). Online political participation: A study of youth usage of new media. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6 (4). MCSER Publishing. Rome, Italy.
Arriola, R. (2007). The Ethiopian voter: An assessment of economic and ethnic influences with Survey data. International Journal of Ethiopian Studies, 3 (1), 73-79.
Bengü Hosch-Dayican. (2010). Political Involvement and Democracy: How Benign is the Future of Post-Industrial Politics. PhD Thesis, University of Twente, The Netherlands.
Freedom House. (2015). Ethiopia: Country report on the net/2015.
Dalton, R. J. (2008). Citizenship norms and the expansion of political participation. Political Studies, 56(1), 76–98.
Gong, R. (2011). Internet politics and state media control: Candidate weblogs in Malaysia. Sociological Perspectives, 54 (3), 307-328. SAGE publications.
Israel, D. Glenn. (1992). Determining sample size. University of Florida. PEOD.
Ketemaw M. (2017). The status of political parties in using social media for electoral campaigns in the 2015 general election of Ethiopia. International Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 11(10), 284-300.
Lamprianou, L. (2013). Political participation research: A critical assessment. In Demetrio (ed.) “Democracy in Transition”. Springer-Verlag.
Li, Y. and Marsh, D. (2008). New forms of political participation: searching for expert citizens and everyday makers. British Journal of Political Science, 38 (2), 247-272. Cambridge University Press.
Meesuwan, S. 2016. The effect of Internet use on political participation: Could the Internet increase political participation in Thailand? International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies 12 (2): 57–82
Rienhard, C. & Dervin, B. (2009). Media uses and gratifications. In Eadie, W (Ed.). 21st Century Communication: A Handbook (pp. 1-25).
Sileshie S. (2014). Challenges and opportunities of Facebook as media platform in Ethiopia. Journal of Media and Communication studies, 6(7), 99-110.
Tesfaye A. (2013). Social media as an alternative political forum in Ethiopia: The case of Facebook. MA Thesis. Addis Ababa University.
Teshome, W. (2009). Media and multi-party elections in Africa: the case of Ethiopia. International Journal of Human Sciences, 6(1), 94-122.
Willnat, L. et‘al (2013). Online Media and Political Participation: The Case of Malaysia. Mass Communication and Society 16, 557–58. Rutledge publication.
Yang and De Hart (2016). Social media use and online political participation among college students during the US election 2012. Social media+ Society, 1–18.
Copyright (c) 2019 Ketemaw Muluye
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Author(s) retains full copyright of their article and grants non-exclusive publishing right to Advanced Journal of Social Science and its publisher “AIJR Publisher”. Author(s) can archive pre-print, post-print and published version/PDF to any open access, institutional repository, social media or personal website provided that Published source must be acknowledged with citation and link to publisher version.
Click here for more information on Copyright policy
Click here for more information on Licensing policy