Cupping Therapy Simulation Course; A Pilot Study Assessing Self Reporting of Confidence, Expectations/Satisfaction and Performance


  • Tamer Aboushanab National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • Mohammed Khalil National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Ministry of Health, Riyadh
  • Ahmed El-Olemy National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Ministry of Health, Riyadh
  • Saud Alsanad National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine



This paper aimed to assess self-reporting of confidence, expectations/satisfaction, and performance of medical students before and after the cupping therapy simulation training course and to validate cupping simulation training evaluation questionnaire (CSTEQ). It was a pilot study to evaluate cupping therapy simulation course provided by National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM).  The number of participants was 29/41 (70.7%) (20 females and 9 males) before training and 20/41 (48.9%) (9 females and 11 males) after training who returned the (CSTEQ) questionnaire. A significant improvement of performance scale and total score were noted after the cupping simulation training. Significant differences in confidence (P=0.013), expectations/satisfaction (P=0.001), performance (P=0.007) and total scoring (P=0.001) between male and female medical students were noted in favor of males. We can conclude that medical students reported significant improvement in performance and overall scoring after cupping therapy simulation course. Cupping simulation training evaluation questionnaire (CSTEQ) may be a reliable test tool. Cupping therapy simulation course should be encouraged, updated and extended to satisfy the learning needs especially of the female medical student. Future large-scale studies were recommended.


Simulation, cupping therapy, hijama, training, Education, Medical students


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Author Biographies

Mohammed Khalil, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Ministry of Health, Riyadh

Department: Research and development

Ahmed El-Olemy, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Ministry of Health, Riyadh

Department: Training and Academic Development

Saud Alsanad, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Executive director, National Center for Complementary and Alternative medicine, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. And, College of Medicine, Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Al-Nada, Riyadh 13317-4233, Saudi Arabia.


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How to Cite

Aboushanab, T., Khalil, M., El-Olemy, A., & Alsanad, S. (2017). Cupping Therapy Simulation Course; A Pilot Study Assessing Self Reporting of Confidence, Expectations/Satisfaction and Performance. Advanced Journal of Social Science, 1(1), 53-59.