Influence of Strontium on the Physical, Mechanical and In-Vitro Bioactivity of Glass Ionomer Cements

  • Yiyu Li Department of General Dentistry, Peking University

Abstract

In this work, we investigated the effects of strontium incorporation in the glass phase of glass ionomer cements (GIC). Three different glass compositions were synthesized with 0, 5, and 10 mol% of SrO addition. GICs were prepared by the addition of 50 wt% polyacrylic acid (PAA) at powder to liquid ratio of 1:1.5. Initial characterization on the cement series was to study their rheological behavior. Cements represented working times between 50-64 seconds and setting times of 356-452 seconds. Rheological results indicated that the addition of strontium decreases the working and setting times of the cements. To analyze the mechanical properties, compressive and flexural strength studies were performed after 1, 10, and 30 days incubation in simulated body fluid (SBF). The compressive strength of the cements increased as a function of incubation time, with the strontium containing compositions showing the highest strength at 34 megapascal (MPa) and after 30 days of incubation. Biaxial flexural strength of the cements was not significantly affected by the composition and maturation time and ranged between 13.4 to 16.3 MPa. In-vitro bioactivity of the cements was analyzed using SBF trials and after 1, 10, and 30 days incubation periods. Strontium containing cements, showed higher solubility with higher amounts of calcium phosphate surface depositions only after 10 days incubation. The elemental identifications of the surface depositions indicated high amounts of Ca, P and Zn are present on the surface of SBF incubated samples.

Keywords: GIC, Strontium, Compressive Strength, Flexural Strength, SBF, In-vitro

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Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
[1]
Y. Li, “Influence of Strontium on the Physical, Mechanical and In-Vitro Bioactivity of Glass Ionomer Cements”, J. Mod. Mater., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 30-39, Dec. 2019.
Section
Research Article