International Annals of Science 2019-02-16T08:49:18+00:00 Int. Annals of Science Open Journal Systems <p align="justify"><a title="Click for Journal homepage" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img style="float: right; padding-left: 15px; padding-right: 5px;" src="/public/site/images/aabahishti/IAS_cover_page.jpg" alt="IAS"></a> International Annals of science is an open access, peer-reviewed, online multidisciplinary journal dedicated to publishing high-quality research in all areas of the Computer, Mathematics, Physical, Chemical, Biological, and Earth Sciences. Papers published by the journal represent important advances of significance within each field by AIJR Publisher.<br>International Annals of Science is registered with CrossRef with doi:10.21467/ias and ISSN of this journal is &nbsp;2456-7132 [online].</p> Comparative Proximate Composition of Maize (Zea mays L.) Varieties Grown in South-western Nigeria 2019-02-16T08:49:18+00:00 Olufunso Omowunmi Adeniyi Oluwole Sesan Ariwoola <p>Maize, a highly cultivated multipurpose cereal has different varieties grown globally. Six majorly known varieties (Hybrid red solo- V1, Red solo- V2, Solo- V3, Popcorn- V4, Small white- V5 and Big white- V6) found in south-western Nigeria were purposefully selected because of their abundance across the region and were analyzed for their proximate composition. Their composition of different nutrients varied; % crude fat was significantly higher in V5 (4.25%), V4 had a significantly higher % ash content of 1.93%, % crude protein ranged from 9.32% 15.75%, V2 had a significantly low % crude fibre of 0.86%, while V1 had a significantly higher % carbohydrate content of 74.40%. Knowledge of the levels of nutrients present in the different varieties will help in choosing the variety that can suit any intended purpose. V6 (Big white) seems to be the most preferable for human and animal consumption because of its significantly high content in protein and crude fibre coupled with a considerably high fat content.</p> 2019-01-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Physiochemical Analysis of Sandalwood (Santalum Album) Leaf Litters Degraded by Eisenia Foetida and Eudrilus Eugenia 2019-02-16T08:49:17+00:00 Praveesh Bhati Ritu Nagar Anurag Titov <p>The decay of leaf litter by microflora and fauna furnish nutrient supply to the soil and also uphold ecological sustainability. Applying of proper technique and exploring of result provides information for the betterment of agricultural system. Vermicomposting of Sandalwood <strong>(</strong><em>Santalum album</em>) leaf litters were studied with an emphasis of physio-chemical deviation during the process and also compared with 100 % cattle dung. Obtained result explore that temperate of 50 % leaf litter (LL) and 100 % cattle dung (CD) was slightly elevated (37ºC ±1 ºC and 35ºC ±1 ºC respectively) at beginning phase and later came down to ambient level (20ºC±1 ºC). The total organic carbon (TOC) exhausted 44 % in 50 % LL Vermicomposting mixture while 70 % in 100 % CD during the process. At the final stage, TOC found more in 50% LL as compared to 100% CD. Nitrogen content was found 1.02<strong>±</strong>0.1 in 50 % LL and 0.88<strong>±</strong>0.1 in 100 % CD at the initial phase but after completion of Vermicomposting, their level was increased up to 40 to 44 %.&nbsp; pH was also measured during vermicomposting and found 7.2<strong>±</strong>0.1 in 50% LL while 8.4<strong>±</strong>0.1 in 100% CD at the initial phase. The at the end of process pH raised and set up to 8.2 <strong>±</strong>0.1 in 50% LL while in 100% CD it was found 8.0 <strong>±</strong>0.1.</p> 2019-02-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##