Preparation and Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Deposited Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Matrix Multiscale Composites

  • Faizan Siddique Awan Materials Science & Engineering, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Tayyab Subhani Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract

In this study, desized carbon fibers were coated with carbon nanotubes using two diverse coating techniques, i.e. dip coating and spray up process, while the factors affecting the coating techniques were investigated. The morphological study revealed better nanotube coating on carbon fibers from dip coating technique as compared to spray up process. Later, nanotube-coated fibers from dip coating were impregnated with epoxy to fabricate multiscale carbon fiber reinforced epoxy matrix composites. The nanotubes on fiber surface were expected to improve the interlaminar shear properties of the multiscale composites. According to short beam shear testing, 14% increase in interlaminar shear strength was observed in composite containing nanotubes as compared to reference composite. Microscopic observation under optical and electron microscopes confirmed the void-free impregnation of fibers with epoxy along with the presence of nanotubes on fibers and in matrix in the vicinity of fibers. Finally, the mechanisms involving the enhanced interlaminar properties were identified and discussed.

Keywords: Dip coating, Spray up, Multiscale composite, Carbon fiber, Epoxy, Carbon nanotubes, Interlaminar shear strength

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Tayyab Subhani, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, Department of Materials Science & Engineering

References


  1. Pathak, A.K., Borah, M., Gupta, A., Yokozeki, T., and Dhakate, S.R.: ‘Improved mechanical properties of carbon fiber/graphene oxide-epoxy hybrid composites’, Compos. Sci. Technol., 2016, 135, pp. 28-38

  2. Hughes, J.: ‘The carbon fibre/epoxy interface—a review’, Compos. Sci. Technol., 1991, 41, (1), pp. 13-45

  3. Subhani, T.: ‘Silica and borosilicate glass matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes’, Imperial College London, 2012

  4. Kepple, K., Sanborn, G., Lacasse, P., Gruenberg, K., and Ready, W.: ‘Improved fracture toughness of carbon fiber composite functionalized with multi walled carbon nanotubes’, Carbon, 2008, 46, (15), pp. 2026-2033

  5. Yao, X., Jiang, J., Xu, C., Zhou, L., Deng, C., and Wang, J.: ‘Improved interfacial properties of carbon fiber/epoxy composites through graphene oxide-assisted deposition of carbon nanotubes on carbon fiber surface’, Fibers and Polymers, 2017, 18, (7), pp. 1323-1329

  6. Khurram, A.A., Khan, A., Gul, I.H., and Subhani, T.: ‘Glass Fiber Epoxy Matrix Composites Containing Zero and Two Dimensional Carbonaceous Nanoreinforcements’, Polymer Composites

  7. Jamnani, B.D., Hosseini, S., Rahmanian, S., Rashid, S.A., and Balavandy, S.K.: ‘Grafting carbon nanotubes on glass fiber by dip coating technique to enhance tensile and interfacial shear strength’, Journal of Nanomaterials, 2015, 16, (1), pp. 306

  8. Dai, Z., Shi, F., Zhang, B., Li, M., and Zhang, Z.: ‘Effect of sizing on carbon fiber surface properties and fibers/epoxy interfacial adhesion’, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2011, 257, (15), pp. 6980-6985

  9. Chun, B.-W., Davis, C.R., He, Q., and Gustafson, R.R.: ‘Development of surface acidity during electrochemical treatment of pan-carbon fibers’, Carbon, 1992, 30, (2), pp. 177-187

  10. Kumar, M., and Ando, Y.: ‘Chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotubes: a review on growth mechanism and mass production’, Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 2010, 10, (6), pp. 3739-3758

  11. Lee, J.U., Park, B., Kim, B.-S., Bae, D.-R., and Lee, W.: ‘Electrophoretic deposition of aramid nanofibers on carbon fibers for highly enhanced interfacial adhesion at low content’, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2016, 84, pp. 482-489

  12. NI, A.B.: ‘Carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced glass and glass-ceramic matrix composites’, Ceramic Nanocomposites, 2013, pp. 208

  13. Subhani, T., Shaukat, B., Ali, N., and Khurram, A.A.: ‘Toward improved mechanical performance of multiscale carbon fiber and carbon nanotube epoxy composites’, Polymer Composites, 2015

  14. Subhani, T., Latif, M., Ahmad, I., Rakha, S.A., Ali, N., and Khurram, A.A.: ‘Mechanical performance of epoxy matrix hybrid nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes and nanodiamonds’, Materials & Design, 2015, 87, pp. 436-444

  15. Cho, J., Konopka, K., Rożniatowski, K., García-Lecina, E., Shaffer, M.S., and Boccaccini, A.R.: ‘Characterisation of carbon nanotube films deposited by electrophoretic deposition’, Carbon, 2009, 47, (1), pp. 58-67

  16. Davis, D.C., Wilkerson, J.W., Zhu, J., and Ayewah, D.O.: ‘Improvements in mechanical properties of a carbon fiber epoxy composite using nanotube science and technology’, Compos. Struct., 2010, 92, (11), pp. 2653-2662

  17. Boccaccini, A.R., Cho, J., Roether, J.A., Thomas, B.J., Minay, E.J., and Shaffer, M.S.: ‘Electrophoretic deposition of carbon nanotubes’, Carbon, 2006, 44, (15), pp. 3149-3160

  18. Moaseri, E., Karimi, M., Maghrebi, M., and Baniadam, M.: ‘Two-fold enhancement in tensile strength of carbon nanotube–carbon fiber hybrid epoxy composites through combination of electrophoretic deposition and alternating electric field’, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 2014, 51, (3), pp. 774-785

  19. Zhao, Z., Teng, K., Li, N., Li, X., Xu, Z., Chen, L., Niu, J., Fu, H., Zhao, L., and Liu, Y.: ‘Mechanical, thermal and interfacial performances of carbon fiber reinforced composites flavored by carbon nanotube in matrix/interface’, Compos. Struct., 2017, 159, pp. 761-772

  20. Fan, Z., Santare, M.H., and Advani, S.G.: ‘Interlaminar shear strength of glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites enhanced with multi-walled carbon nanotubes’, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2008, 39, (3), pp. 540-554

  21. Li, M., Gu, Y., Liu, Y., Li, Y., and Zhang, Z.: ‘Interfacial improvement of carbon fiber/epoxy composites using a simple process for depositing commercially functionalized carbon nanotubes on the fibers’, Carbon, 2013, 52, pp. 109-121.

Published
2017-10-09
How to Cite
[1]
F. Awan and T. Subhani, “Preparation and Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Deposited Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Matrix Multiscale Composites”, Adv. Nan. Res., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 14-22, Oct. 2017.
Section
Research Articles