Mechanical Characterization of Nanomaterial Reinforced Aluminum-based Hybrid Nanocomposites

  • Girisha L PES Institute of Technology and Management, Shivamogga
  • Malteshkumar Deshpande PES Institute of Technology and Management, Shivamogga
  • Gururaja Lakshman Naik PVP Polytechnic, Bengaluru
  • Mahanthesh M R PES Institute of Technology and Management, Shivamogga

Abstract

Nanostructures are viewed as definitive fiber materials as a reinforcement for matrices because of their impressive properties. Because of their phenomenal mechanical properties Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene (GR), and nanodiamond (ND) have made an enormous proportion of intensity in research over the world. Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), Graphene, and Nano Diamond were utilized as reinforcements for the current work. Nanostructures with their extraordinary strength, minute size, and high aspect ratio were used as reinforcements in commercial-purity Al matrix. These nanocomposites were manufactured by various different routes such as casting and powder metallurgy techniques. Both of these methods are helpful for the preparation of MWCNTs/Al nanocomposites. These nanocomposites were manufactured with various weight fractions of reinforcements and characterized for their mechanical properties and indicated improved properties in contrast with the base Al matrix. Al/MWCNT nanocomposites, Al/MWCNT/GR hybrid nanocomposites and Al/MWCNT/GR/ND hybrid nanocomposites samples were tested for their mechanical properties such as Young’s modulus, percentage elongation yield strength, and ultimate Strength. Mechanical characterization of these prepared composite samples demonstrated improved strength when compared with the casted samples.

Keywords: Carbon nanotubes, Graphene, Nanodiamond, nanocomposites, hybrid composites, tensile properties

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References


  1. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O”Brien, R. F. Curi and R. E. Smalley, “C60: Buckminester fullerene”, Nature, 318, pp. 162, Nov 1985.

  2. Kratschmer, L. D. Lamb, K. Fostiropoulos and D. R. Huffman, “Solid C60: A new form of carbon”, Nature, 347, pp. 354-357, Sep 1990.

  3. F. Ren, Z. P. Huang, J. W. Xu, J. H. Wang, P. Bush, M. P. Siegal, and P. N. Provencio, “Synthesis of large arrays of well-Aligned carbon nanotubes on glass”, Science, Vol. 282, No. 5391, pp. 1105-1107, 1998.

  4. M. J. Treacy, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. M. Gibson, “Exceptionally high Young”s modulus observed for individual carbon nanotubes”, Nature, Vol. 381, pp. 678-681, 1996.

  5. Journet C., Maser W. K., Bernier P., Loiseau A., De la Chapelle M. L., Lefrant S., P. Deniard, R. Lee, and J. E. Fischer, “Large-scale production of single-walled carbon nanotubes by electric arc technique”, Nature, Vol. 388, No. 6644, pp. 756-758, 1997.

  6. I. Cha, K. T. Kim, S. N. Arshad, C. B. Mo and S. H. Hong, “Extraordinary Strengthening Effect of Carbon Nanotubes in Metal-Matrix Nanocomposites Processed by Molecular-Level Mixing”, Advanced Materials, Vol. 17,No. 11, pp. 1377–1381, 2005.

  7. Umma A., Maleque M. A., iskandar I. Y. and Mohammed Y. A., “Carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum matrix nano-composite: a critical review”, Australian Journal of basic and applied sciences, Vol. 6, No. 12, pp. 69-75, 2012.

  8. Sumio Lijima, “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon”, Nature, Vol. 354, No. 6348, pp. 56-58, Nov 1991.

  9. Toru Kuzumaki, Takuya Hayashi, Kun’ichi Miyazawa, Hideki Ichinose, Kunio Ito and Yoichi Ishida, “Processing of Ductile Carbon Nan0tube/C60 Composite”, Materials Transactions, JIM, Vol. 39, No.5, PP. 674-577, 1998.

  10. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, K. Kim, “A Road Map For Graphene”, Nature, Vol. 490, No. 7419, pp. 192-200, Oct 2012.

  11. Sasha Stankovich, Dmitriy A. Dikin, Geoffrey H. B. Dommett, Kevin M .Kohlhaas, Eric J.Zimney, Eric A. Stach, Richard D. Piner, Sonbinh T. Nguyen and Rodney S. Ruoff, “Graphene Based Composite Materials”, Nature, Vol. 442, No. 7100, pp. 282-286, 2006.

  12. Prithu Mukhopadhyay and Rakesh K. Gupta, “Trends and frontiers in Graphene Based Polymer Nanocomposites”, Plastic Engineering, Vol. 67, No. 1, PP. 32-42, 2011.

  13. Y. Shalaginov, G. V. Naik, S. Ishii, M. N. Slipchenko, A. Boltassev, and J. X. Cheng, “Characterization of nanodiamonds for metamaterial applications”, Applied physics B, Vol. 105, No. 2, pp. 191-195, September 2010.

  14. S. Kurkin, A. N. Ozerin, A. S. Kechek”yan, O. T. Gritsenko, L. A. Ozerina, G. G. Alkhanishvili, V. G. Sushchev, and V. Yu. Dolmatov, “The structure and properties of polymer composite fibers based on poly (vinyl alcohol) and nanodiamond of detonation synthesis”, Nanotechnologies in Russia, Vol. 5,No. 5-6, pp. 340-351, June 2010.

  15. Mitura, “Nanodiamonds”, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 166-171, September 2007.

  16. Kaftelen, and M. L. Ovecoglu, “Microstructural characterization and wear properties of ultra-dispersed nanodiamond (UDD) reinforced Al matrix composites fabricated by ball-milling and sintering”, Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 46, No. 13, pp. 1521-1534, Jan 2012.

  17. V. Danilenko, “On the History of the Nanodiamond Synthesis”, Physics of the Solid State, Vol. 46, pp. 595-598, 2004.

  18. George, K. T. Kashyap, R. Rahul, S. Yamdagni, “Strengthening in carbon nanotibe/aluminium (CNT/Al) composites”, Scripta Materialia, Vol. 53, No. 10, pp. 1159-1163, 2005.

  19. CailuXu, Bingqing Wei, Ji Liang and Dehai Wu, “Structure and Electrical Resistivity of the Al-Carbon Nanotube Composites”, Metals and Materials, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 620-623, 1998.

  20. Y. Jiang, Y. Huang, H. Jiang, G. Ravichandran, H. Gao, K. C. Hwang, B. Liu, “A cohesive law for carbon nanotubes/polymer interfaces based on the van der Waals force”, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 54, No. 11, pp. 2436-2452, 2006.

  21. J. F. Harris, “Carbon nanotubes composites”, International Materials, Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 31-43, 2004.

  22. Ramanujamsarathi, Ravindrakumar Sahu, and Machael G. Danikas, “Understanding the Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Nanocomposite Insulating Materials”, Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 60, No. 6, pp. 358-361, 2009.

  23. Eswar Prasad, Barun Das, Urmimala Maitra, Upadrasta Ramamurty and CNR Rao, “Extraordinary synergy in the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composites reinforced with 2 nanocarbons”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, No. 32, pp. 1-4, 2009.

  24. Mahendra Bhoopathi M., K. P. Arulshri and N. Iyandurai, “Evaluation of mechanical properties of aluminum alloy 2024 reinforced with silicon carbide and fly ash hybrid metal matrix composites”, American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 219-229, 2013.

  25. N. Gururaj, and A. N. Hari Rao, “A Review on recent applications and future prospectus of hybrid composites”, International Journal Computing and Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 6, pp. 352-355, Jan 2012.

  26. JenixRinol, D. Chandramohan, and K. S. Sucitharan, “An Overview on Development of Aluminium Metal Matrix Composites with Hybrid Reinforcement”, International journal of science and research, Vol. 1, pp. 196-203, Dec 2012.

Published
2019-05-25
How to Cite
[1]
G. L, M. Deshpande, G. Naik, and M. M R, “Mechanical Characterization of Nanomaterial Reinforced Aluminum-based Hybrid Nanocomposites”, Adv. Nan. Res., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 32-41, May 2019.
Section
Research Articles