Advanced Journal of Social Science https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss <p align="justify"><a title="Click for Journal homepage" href="https://doi.org/10.21467/ajss" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img style="float: right; padding-left: 15px; padding-right: 5px;" src="/public/site/images/aabahishti/AJSS_Cover_Page.jpg" alt="AJSS"></a>Advanced Journal of Social Science (AJSS) [ISSN: 2581-3358] is an online-only, open access, refereed journal in the field&nbsp;of sociology published by&nbsp;AIJR Publisher. This &nbsp;Social Science journal will publish free articles for the manuscript submitted in the year of 2018.&nbsp;<strong>Research articles suitable for this sociology journal includes the field of humanities, education, economics, political science, human geography, demography, psychology, sociology, history, and management, etc.&nbsp;</strong></p> AIJR Publisher en-US Advanced Journal of Social Science 2581-3358 <div id="copyrightNotice"> <p>Author(s) retains full copyright of their article and grants non-exclusive publishing right to&nbsp;<strong>Advanced Journal of Social Science</strong>&nbsp;and its publisher “<a title="AIJR Publisher homepage" href="https://www.aijr.in/" target="_blank">AIJR</a>&nbsp;Publisher”. Author(s) can archive pre-print, post-print and published version/PDF to any open access, institutional repository, social media or personal website provided that Published source must be acknowledged with citation and link to publisher version.<br>Click&nbsp;<a title="Copyright Policy" href="https://www.aijr.in/about/policies/copyright/" target="_blank">here</a>&nbsp;for more information on Copyright policy<br>Click&nbsp;<a title="Licensing Policy" href="/index.php/jmm/about#licensing" target="_blank">here</a>&nbsp;for more information on Licensing policy</p> </div> The Role of African Court on Human and Peoples’ Right for Human Rights Protection https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/1937 <p>The emergence of regional human rights systems depicts one of the greatest achievements in the internationalization of human rights. The foundation of the charter paved the way for the birth of the court thereafter. The African Court is established by virtue of the 1998 protocol to the Charter and the court is built upon an arsenal of protective and remedial techniques. The establishment of the court has reset the stage and created a new platform for the protection of human rights in Africa. The cardinal objective of the paper is to investigate the role of African Court on human and Peoples’ rights protection in Libya Crises taking the case of Saif Al Islam Gaddafi. The paper has utilized qualitative methodology. The government of Libya responded with brutal force against civilian protesters in contravention of international human rights and humanitarian law. The security force of the government of Libya killed many protesters as well. This situation intensified human rights violations and enforced many of the peoples to displace. The court issued an important ruling in March 2011, ordering provisional measures against Libya in the armed conflict in its territory. Libyan government denied the claims of human rights violations in its territory and showed its willingness to subject itself to criminal investigations by the Court if necessary. The issue of the fund, independence, commitment and competence of judges to interpret mandate and jurisdiction, the willingness of the states to support and to abide by court decisions, and powers of the concerned body to enforce court decisions hampered the court from being effective. Generally, unless African States act in good faith with respect to the decisions of the African Human Rights Court, the court becomes no more significant.</p> Getahun Kumie Antigegn Copyright (c) 2020 Getahun Kumie Antigegn 2020-03-29 2020-03-29 7 1 38 43 10.21467/ajss.7.1.38-44 Patterns of Social Reactions to COVID-19 Pandemic; Reasons & Proposed Ways to Overcome https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2720 <p>This study on the patterns of social reactions to a pandemic has been done amid the spread of COVID-19 globally.&nbsp; Worldwide, everyone reacts differently to every single situation that takes place, especially those as serious as a pandemic.&nbsp; Every individual builds a social reaction unique to his/her concerns.&nbsp; The purpose of this study is to explore the types of reactions people have been showing amid the pandemic from COVID-19, which could help policy makers all over the world to figure out and adapt to the situation according to their own needs and concerns rather than applying a single solution universally.&nbsp; Due to novelty of the topic, and hence limited availability of formal research, this study mostly relies upon reports in print and electronic media about the emerging situation.&nbsp; The study suggests that worldwide, there have been four broad categories of social reactions to a pandemic which include fear, panic, indifference and fatalism.&nbsp; After studying these social reactions, the research comes up with strategies to help resolve these concerns which will eventually help everyone accept the situation and tackle it wisely.</p> Kaenat Ahmed Copyright (c) 2020 Kaenat Ahmed http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-06-24 2020-06-24 7 1 54 59 10.21467/ajss.7.1.54-59 COVID-19 Social Work Scope and Intervention in A Tertiary Care Hospital https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2780 <p>The novel coronavirus has hit the routine life of the people crossing countries and not spared anyone in existence. In terms of screening and treatment of the infected a multidisciplinary team in full force is working around the world. Social Work, a profession that has an understanding of the psychosocial intricacies of people is also at the frontline. In this article, the author who himself a Medical Social Worker attempts to elicit the scope and possible interventions for the COVID-19 victims</p> Sivakumar Chinnayan Copyright (c) 2020 Sivakumar Chinnayan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 7 1 92 95 10.21467/ajss.7.1.92-95 Notes on the Native History of Cuba and the Dominican Republic https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2284 <p>Caribbean history and ethnocultural evolution since the late nineteenth-century has been restructured to strategize a new scholarly native. This study examines how Cuba and the Dominican Republic became cultural markets for such trend. It also reviews the hypothetical extinction of the Caribbean naturals as it potentialized a highly commercialized era as theorists developed unique tools to implement an academic discourse irrelevant to Caribbean natives’ origins, cultures and fate. The cultural market trends were so far-reaching and successful that there is a need to assess pre-European native Caribbean history away from the sought-after taino market modeled after Constantine Samuel Rafinesque since 1836. Consequently, by the mid twentieth century a critical separation from traditional native Caribbean ethnohistory was well established within a suppositional trend inconsequential to original native biological evolution, language and diversity. This study analyses early ethnopolitical native contacts as tribal independencies interacted before and after discovery. Relevant historical facts originated from national archives and critical older books.</p> Randle Sloan-Torano Copyright (c) 2020 Randle Sloan-Torano 2020-02-15 2020-02-15 7 1 14 26 10.21467/ajss.7.1.14-26 Monetary Policy Shocks and Manufacturing Output in Nigeria (1981-2018) https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2226 <p>This study empirically investigates the impact of monetary policy shock on the manufacturing output in Nigeria using time series data covering the period between 1981 and 2018. Co-integration test was used to establish the long run relationship among the variables and Structural Vector Auto-Regressive model was employed to test for the shocks. It was found that shock to broad money supply would bring about positive and significant impact on the manufacturing output while the impact of shock to interest rate was found to be negative and insignificant. This study however concludes that shock to broad money is the main monetary policy instrument which can bring about positive change to manufacturing output in Nigeria. This paper then suggests that government and policy makers should primarily focus on this variable in their implementation of unanticipated monetary policy.</p> Yinka Sabuur Hammed Copyright (c) 2020 Yinka Sabuur Hammed 2020-02-22 2020-02-22 7 1 27 37 10.21467/ajss.7.1.27-37 Addressal to the Rising Problem of Traffic Congestion in Kalimpong, West Bengal: Causes and Preventive Measures https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2648 <p>When towns and cities grow or rather undergo urbanisation; there are innumerable impacts that arise out of this process. One such impact is the problem of traffic congestion. In other words, it can be said that ‘urbanisation and problems related to traffic go hand in hand’. Kalimpong has witnessed urbanisation at an astounding rate largely due to improvement in tourism and its floriculture. However, the town is crippled by the problem of traffic congestion. Being a hill station, the topography and the structure of the town restricts the widening of the roads therefore making the practice of illegal parking common and the major factor for traffic congestion. In this paper, the problem of traffic congestion in Kalimpong town has been addressed. The reasons responsible for the problem has also been highlighted along with some suggestive preventive measures.</p> Rosemary Subba Copyright (c) 2020 Rosemary Subba 2020-07-09 2020-07-09 7 1 60 70 10.21467/ajss.7.1.60-70 A SWOT Analysis of Nepalese Hydropower Policy https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2890 <p>Hydropower, in which Nepal has comparative advantage, has a potential to contribute to Nepal’s energy security and sustainable development. The government of Nepal enacted the Hydropower Development Policy in 2001 (HDP-2001) as an overarching policy to coordinate all policies forthcoming in this sector. This paper has critically analysed HDP-2001 by applying the Ecosystem services-based Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, and Threat (SWOT) technique. The paper has evaluated peer-reviewed scholarly articles, secondary data, and government publications available in public domain. The strengths and weaknesses of the policy were analysed by applying seven specific indicators. The research indicates that HDP-2001 has been successful in overcoming some of the pertinent challenges in Nepalese hydroelectric industry, however, it also faces several limitations on account of climate change, economic dislocations, effective monitoring, ensuring competitiveness, delivering fair price to the consumers, and institutional governance issues. Designing a practical mitigation plan, while being aware of its limitations, could be helpful in minimizing the impact of these exogenous factors.</p> Birendra Rana Copyright (c) 2020 Birendra Rana http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-24 2020-07-24 7 1 71 80 10.21467/ajss.7.1.71-80 Musical Preferences Correlate Architectural Tastes: An Initial Investigation of the Correlations Between the Preferred Attributes https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2665 <p>Despite a large number of discussions on the analogical and technical interrelations between architecture and music, very few studies have looked at the interrelations between the appreciations of the attributes among them. This study investigates the correlations between the preferences of architectural and musical attributes to reflect how they generally interrelate with each other. The considered visual qualities related to architectural forms are symmetricity, complexity, rhythm, pattern, and stress; and the considered musical attributes are related to the main four categories of Genres, perceived psychological attributes, five factors of music, and 3-Factors (arousal, valence, and depth). To discover the correlations, at first, a survey was designed to gather individual appreciations of the attributes. The responses were then filtered to remove the invalid ones before Pearson’s correlation coefficient analysis unveils the relationships between every single considered attribute. In total, 5,184 correlations have been thoroughly explored, and a number of strong correlations were discovered and discussed in a classified manner; for instance, rap-followers showed higher satisfaction to asymmetrical building façade. This study also confirms some musical attributes are stronger reflectors of architectural taste, like rap, jazz, sophisticated, poetic music. Lastly, this paper confirms the significant effects of demographic attributes on the discovered correlations.</p> Seyed Farhad Tayyebi Yuksel Demir Copyright (c) 2020 Seyed Farhad Tayyebi, Yüksel Demir, Professor http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-09-22 2020-09-22 7 1 96 108 10.21467/ajss.7.1.96-108 Knowledge and Attitude Towards Intimate Partner Violence Among Ever-Married Women https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2294 <p>Effective approaches are needed to address high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in developing countries. Among them, addressing the attitudes of women justifying IPV is crucial. Yet, Sri Lankan studies so far have not adequately examined the community members’ knowledge and attitude toward IPV. Hence, this study aimed at i) describing knowledge and attitude towards IPV among women, ii) explore the association of socio-demographic variables with knowledge and attitude towards IPV, and iii) examine the association of knowledge and attitude with the abuse experiences. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with women (n = 600) aged 15-49 years from a selected health administrative area in Sri Lanka. Multistage cluster sampling was used to select participants and data collection was performed using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Descriptive summaries, cross-tabulations and logistic regression analysis were performed to describe and explore the associations. Most respondents had poor knowledge (64.3%, n=386) on IPV with approximately half of them having attitudes generally justifying IPV (48.7%, n=292). Women with low levels of education and low household income were more likely to justify IPV. Further, employed women had good knowledge on IPV. Poor knowledge on IPV increased the risk of being abuse by 1.5 times and women who had justifying attitudes toward IPV had two times risk of being abuse. The necessity of interventions to be targeted on knowledge and attitudes and the contributory socio-demographic factors such as education, employment and income are emphasized.</p> Haizana Parween Reyal Koswaththage Manuja Niranshi Perera Galmangoda Najith Duminda Guruge Copyright (c) 2020 Haizana Parween Reyal, Koswaththage Manuja Niranshi Perera, Galmangoda Najith Duminda Guruge 2020-02-15 2020-02-15 7 1 1 13 10.21467/ajss.7.1.1-13 Social Distancing, Lockdown Obligatory, and Response Satisfaction During COVID-19 Pandemic: Perception of Nigerian Social Media Users https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2697 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Pandemics are challenging for clinical and public health agencies and policymakers because of the scientific and medical uncertainty that accompanies novel viruses like COVID-19 makes an increase of morbidity and mortality prominent. Consequently, there is a need to evaluate the public perception of social distancing, lockdown obligatory, and response satisfactory during the pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This cross-sectional survey used an anonymous online google based questionnaire to collect data from respondents via social media platforms. The online survey was conducted among social media users from 1st to 30th April 2020. A snowball sampling technique was employed to recruit respondents for the survey. A total of 1,131 respondents responded across the country.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Nine out of every ten respondents believed that social distancing is an effective measure to reduce the spread of COVID-19. Also, 8 out of every ten respondents agreed with the lockdown measures. However, just 36.8% think their government is doing enough to stop the outbreak, and only 25% of the respondents were satisfied with the country’s response to the worldwide epidemic. The age of respondents was found to be significantly associated with satisfaction with emergency response during pandemics.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: It could be concluded that Nigerian public accepted social distancing as an effective way of curbing the spread of COVID-19 and general acceptance on lockdown obligatory; however, more than half of respondents expressed non-satisfactory with government and other agencies responses during the pandemics.</p> Olalekan Seun Olagunju Obasanjo Afolabi Bolarinwa Tesleem Kayode Babalola Copyright (c) 2020 Olalekan Seun Olagunju, Obasanjo Afolabi Bolarinwa, Tesleem Kayode Babalola 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 7 1 44 53 10.21467/ajss.7.1.44-53 Knowledge of Breast Cancer and Screening Methods among Rural Women in Southwest Nigeria: A Mixed Method Analysis https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2693 <p>The objective of this study was to assess the awareness of rural women on breast cancer and its screening methods in Southwest Nigeria. Descriptive cross-sectional survey design with the aid of a semi-structured questionnaire was used to generate data among 422 rural women in selected communities in Egbeda local government area of Ibadan. The qualitative data was generated through in-depth interviews among rural women and key informant interviews among health workers in the communities. The study revealed that only 63.7% were aware of breast cancer screening methods compared to 31.6% who were not aware of it. The commonly known screening method among women in the study was breast self-examination (66.7%). Some believed that breast cancer is used as a form of spiritual attack to punish women. Knowledge of breast cancer etiology was also low. The major source of information on breast cancer was radio. The study concluded that health education and programs targeting rural women should be adopted to increase their awareness of breast cancer.</p> Rowland Edet Oluwayimika Ekundina Obasanjo Afolabi Bolarinwa Julianah Babajide Juliet Amarachukwu Nwafor Copyright (c) 2020 Rowland Edet, Oluwayimika Ekundina, Obasanjo Afolabi Bolarinwa, Julianah Babajide, Juliet Nwafor http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 7 1 81 91 10.21467/ajss.7.1.81-91 Potential Factors of Mental Health Challenges During COVID-19 on the Young People in Dhaka, Bangladesh https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2811 <p>In this manuscript, we perform a Chi-square association test to find whether there is an association between the quarrelsome environment in the residence and mental health challenge and the corresponding p-value found to be 0.011, which is statistically significant. In addition, we fit a logistic model to determine the factors influencing mental health challenges during the pandemic. The model shows that age, number of leaving home during the past 14 days, the effectiveness of work from home or online class, and feeling in response to COVID-19 are the significant factors affect the odds that a participant faces mental health challenges.</p> Apu Chandra Das Aninda Roy Md Sakib Ibne Salam Copyright (c) 2020 Apu Chandra Das, Aninda Roy, Md Sakib Ibne Salam http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-10-04 2020-10-04 7 1 109 117 10.21467/ajss.7.1.109-117 Determinants of Internet Usage During COVID-19 on the Young People in Dhaka, Bangladesh https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/2827 <p>As the COVID-19 pandemic is spreading and becoming more contagious, people tend to stay home and face mental health challenges such as anxiety, fear, nervousness, and loneliness. In this time, students are using the internet heavily for their study purpose, and jobholders are for their official works. At the same time, the use of the internet might be a relief from those mental challenges. This manuscript assesses a correlation between daily internet usage before and during COVID-19 and found to be nearly strong positive (r=0.66). Then we determine the potential factors affecting daily internet usage during COVID-19 among Bangladeshi students and jobholders who are currently living in Dhaka city by the ordinary least square (OLS) regression method. Our results underpin that the type of internet, regular internet usage before COVID-19, and the effect of internet usage on the study are significantly affecting current internet usage.</p> Apu Chandra Das Aninda Roy Md Sakib Ibne Salam Copyright (c) 2020 Apu Chandra Das, Aninda Roy, Md Sakib Ibne Salam http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-10-04 2020-10-04 7 1 118 124 10.21467/ajss.7.1.118-124