Exploring Language; Some Specificities, Complexities and Limitations in Human Communication and Social Interaction in Multi-cultural Contexts

  • Kelechi Chijioke Samuel School of Media Communication, Pan-Atlantic University

Abstract

This paper explores the subject matter of human language as a social phenomenon in multi-cultural and multi-ethnic society like Nigeria. The paper situates language as a complex social phenomenon which pervades every aspect of human life. It identifies the role of language in intrapersonal and interpersonal communication, and the complexities involved in every communicative event that must not be taken for granted. Furthermore, it identifies the functions and limitations of language, including its negative functions as viewed from Critical theory. The paper affirms that language is a central phenomenon in human cognitive development, internal conceptualization of thoughts and ideas, the external expression and sharing of thoughts, the perception and representation of social reality, the transmission of culture, and the maintenance of social relations. The paper further notes that language difference can be a source of social dysfunction in multi-lingual and multi-cultural societies like Nigeria.

Keywords: Language, human communication, thought, cognition, perception, culture, social dysfunction

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Baran, S. J. (2010). Introduction to mass communication. Media literacy and culture. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.


Bloch, B., & Trager, G. (1942). Outline of Linguistic Analysis. CA: Linguistic Society of America, Waverly Press


Boroditsky, L., & Gaby, A (2010). Remembrances of times east: Absolute spatial representations of time in an Australian aboriginal community. Psychological Science, 21, 11, 1635–1639.


Boroditsky, L. (2011, November). How language shapes thought: The languages we speak affect our perceptions of the world. Scientific America, 63-65.


Brown, R. (1965). Social psychology. New York: The Free Press.


Chomsky, N. (2006). Language and mind. (3rd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.


Danziger, S., & Ward, R. (2010). Language Changes Implicit Associations Between Ethnic Groups and Evaluation in Bilinguals. Psychological Science, 21(6), 799-800.


Forster, M.N. (2012). Kant’s philosophy of language? Tijdschrift voor filosofie. 74, 485 – 511.


Geertz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books.


Goldstein, E.B. (2008). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting mind, research, and everyday experience, (2nd ed.) Thomson Wadsworth


Kendall, D. (2015). Sociology in our times (11th ed.) Boston, MA: Centage Learning.


Krauss, R. M. (1987). The role of the listener: Addressee influences on message formulation. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 6, 81-98.


Krauss, R.M., & Chiu, C. (1998). Language and social behavior. In D. Gilbert, S. Fiske & G. Lindsey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (4th ed.), 2, 41-88. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. Retrieved June 3, 2016.


Lakoff, R. (1973). Language and woman’s place. Language in Society, 2(1), 45-80.


Lotter, D. (2016). Gottlob Frege: Language. In The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


Mead, G. (1964). Selected writings (A. Reck, Ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Ogunnaike, O., Dunham, Y., & Banaji, M. R. (2010). The language of implicit preferences. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(6), 999-1003.


Pinker, S., & Bloom, P. (1990). Natural language and natural selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 707–784.


Rabushka, A., & Shepsle, K.A (1972). Politics in plural societies: A theory of democratic instability. In J.C Walke (Ed.) Merrill political science series. Charles E. Merrill: Columbus, Ohio


 Reddy, M.J. (1979). The Conduit metaphor - A case of frame conflict in our language about language. In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought, 284-324. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Sapir, E. (1921). Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech. Harcourt, Brace   


Schober, M. F. (1993). Spatial perspective-taking in conversation. Cognition, 47, 1-24.


Searle, J. R. (1969). Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Smith, K. (2016). Descartes' theory of ideas. In E.N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (Winter 2016 ed.).


Spender, D. (1980). Man made language. (2nd ed.). London: Pandora press.


Tannen, D. (1993). Gender and Conversational Interaction. (Ed.).  New York: Oxford University Press.


Weiten, W. (2007). Psychology: Themes and variations. (7th ed.). United States: Thomson Wadsworth.

Published
2019-02-02
How to Cite
Samuel, K. (2019). Exploring Language; Some Specificities, Complexities and Limitations in Human Communication and Social Interaction in Multi-cultural Contexts. Advanced Journal of Social Science, 5(1), 26-36. Retrieved from https://journals.aijr.in/index.php/ajss/article/view/752