Patterns of Social Reactions to COVID-19 Pandemic; Reasons & Proposed Ways to Overcome

Authors

  • Kaenat Ahmed CMH Lahore Medical College

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21467/ajss.7.1.54-59

Abstract

This study on the patterns of social reactions to a pandemic has been done amid the spread of COVID-19 globally.  Worldwide, everyone reacts differently to every single situation that takes place, especially those as serious as a pandemic.  Every individual builds a social reaction unique to his/her concerns.  The purpose of this study is to explore the types of reactions people have been showing amid the pandemic from COVID-19, which could help policy makers all over the world to figure out and adapt to the situation according to their own needs and concerns rather than applying a single solution universally.  Due to novelty of the topic, and hence limited availability of formal research, this study mostly relies upon reports in print and electronic media about the emerging situation.  The study suggests that worldwide, there have been four broad categories of social reactions to a pandemic which include fear, panic, indifference and fatalism.  After studying these social reactions, the research comes up with strategies to help resolve these concerns which will eventually help everyone accept the situation and tackle it wisely.

Keywords:

COVID-19, Coronavirus, Pandemic, Social Reactions, Behaviour, Behavioural Pattern

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

American Psychology Association Dictionary of Psychology, https://dictionary.apa.org/fear (accessed 9 June 2020)

Cambridge Dictionary, Indifference: Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary, https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/indifference (accessed 22 May 2020)

Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (2020) Situation Summary, March 11, 2020, https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/cases-in-us.html (accessed 14 March 2020)

Cherian, D. (2020, March 26) COVID-19: Avoid self-medication and false 'cures' when battling coronavirus, Gulf News, https://gulfnews.com/world/americas/covid-19-avoid-self-medication-and-false-cures-when-battling-coronavirus-1.1585042404259 (accessed 20 May 2020)

Foreign Policy (2020) Coronavirus fears are a national security crisis, March 4, 2020, https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/03/04/coronavirus-fears-national-security-crisis-covid-threat-advice/ (accessed 14March 2020)

Gurwitch, R. (2020, February 11) Coronavirus threat escalates fears and bigotry, American Psychological Association, https://www.apa.org/news/apa/2020/02/coronavirus-threat (accessed 22 March 2020)

Kingkade, T. (2020, March 20) Coronavirus is a 'personal nightmare' for people with OCD and anxiety disorders, NBC News, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/coronavirus-personal-nightmare-people-ocd-anxiety-disorders-n1164066 (accessed 22 March 2020)

Lillehammer, H. (2014) Minding your own business? Understanding indifference as a virtue, Philosophical Perspectives, 28 (1), 111-126

Lilienfeld, S. O. & Arkowitz, H. (2008) Why do we panic? A better understanding of the path from stress to anxiety to full-blown panic disorder offers soothing news for sufferers, Scientific American, https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-do-we-panic/ (accessed 9 June 2020)

Maxwell, C. (2020, March 20) Coronavirus is a 'personal nightmare' for people with OCD and anxiety disorders, NBC News, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/coronavirus-personal-nightmare-people-ocd-anxiety-disorders-n1164066 (accessed 22 March 2020)

Mayo Clinic, Panic attacks and panic disorders, 4th May, 2018, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/symptoms-causes/syc-20376021 (accessed 22 May 2020)

Ohman, A. (2000) Fear and anxiety: Evolutionary, cognitive and clinical perspectives, In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland-Jones (Eds), Handbook of emotions, pp. 573-593, New York: The Guilford Press

Ozalp, M. (2020, April 2) How coronavirus challenges Muslims’ faith and change their lives, The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/how-coronavirus-challenges-muslims-faith-and-changes-their-lives-133925 (accessed 19 April 2020)

Pinsker, J. (2020, March 17) The people ignoring social distancing, The Atlantic, https://www.theatlantic.com/family/archive/2020/03/coronavirus-social-distancing-socializing-bars-restaurants/608164/ (accessed 19 April 2020)

Rice, H. (2018) Fatalism. In Zalta, Edward N. (Ed), Stanford encyclopaedia of philosophy, Stanford University, Center for the Study of language and information (accessed 22 May 2020)

Ritter, M. (2020) How people perceive and manage risks like coronavirus, Insurance Journal, March 9, 2020. https://www.insurancejournal.com/news/national/2020/03/09/560556.html (accessed 14 March 2020)

Saudi Arabia: Prudence mixes with fatalism over MERS (2013, October 2013) Gulf News, https://gulfnews.com/world/gulf/saudi/saudi-arabia-prudence-mixes-with-fatalism-over-mers-1.1242234 (accessed 19 April 2020)

Shah, Z. A. (2020, March 27) Fight not just coronavirus but also irrationality and fatalism, Kashmir Reader, https://kashmirreader.com/2020/03/27/fight-not-just-coronavirus-but-also-irrationality-and-fatalism/ (accessed 19 April 2020)

Timsit, A. (2020, March 9) The psychology of coronavirus fear and how to manage it, Quartz, https://qz.com/1812664/the-psychology-of-coronavirus-fear-and-how-to-overcome-it/ (accessed 14 March 2020)

Virus rebels from France to Florida disregard lockdown practices (2020, March 22) Fox 6 Now, https://fox6now.com/2020/03/22/virus-rebels-from-france-to-florida-disregard-lockdown-practices/ (accessed 24 March 2020)

Wetsman, N. (2020, March 10) Fearful reactions to the new coronavirus can put lives at risk, The Verge, https://www.theverge.com/2020/3/10/21172988/coronavirus-fear-reactions-virus-ebola-cdc-covid19-panic-precautions (accessed 20 May 2020)

World Health Organization (2020) Coronavirus, 22nd March, 2020, https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019 (accessed 22 March 2020)

Worldometer (2020) Coronavirus Cases, May 20, 2020, https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ (accessed 20 May 2020)

Downloads

Published

2020-06-24

Issue

Section

Opinions

How to Cite

Ahmed, K. (2020). Patterns of Social Reactions to COVID-19 Pandemic; Reasons & Proposed Ways to Overcome. Advanced Journal of Social Science, 7(1), 54-59. https://doi.org/10.21467/ajss.7.1.54-59