Social Distancing, Lockdown Obligatory, and Response Satisfaction During COVID-19 Pandemic: Perception of Nigerian Social Media Users
Background: Pandemics are challenging for clinical and public health agencies and policymakers because of the scientific and medical uncertainty that accompanies novel viruses like COVID-19 makes an increase of morbidity and mortality prominent. Consequently, there is a need to evaluate the public perception of social distancing, lockdown obligatory, and response satisfactory during the pandemic.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey used an anonymous online google based questionnaire to collect data from respondents via social media platforms. The online survey was conducted among social media users from 1st to 30th April 2020. A snowball sampling technique was employed to recruit respondents for the survey. A total of 1,131 respondents responded across the country.
Results: Nine out of every ten respondents believed that social distancing is an effective measure to reduce the spread of COVID-19. Also, 8 out of every ten respondents agreed with the lockdown measures. However, just 36.8% think their government is doing enough to stop the outbreak, and only 25% of the respondents were satisfied with the country’s response to the worldwide epidemic. The age of respondents was found to be significantly associated with satisfaction with emergency response during pandemics.
Conclusion: It could be concluded that Nigerian public accepted social distancing as an effective way of curbing the spread of COVID-19 and general acceptance on lockdown obligatory; however, more than half of respondents expressed non-satisfactory with government and other agencies responses during the pandemics.
Keywords:COVID-19, Nigeria, Perception, Lockdown, Social distancing
<p>Abu-Akel, A., Spitz, A., & West, R. (2020). Who is listening? Spokesperson Effect on Communicating Social and Physical Distancing Measures During the COVID-19 Pandemic.</p>
<p>Adegboye, O., Adekunle, A. I., & Gayawan, E. (2020). Novel Coronavirus in Nigeria: Epidemiological analysis of the first 45 days of the pandemic. <em>medRxiv</em>.</p>
<p>Andersen, M. (2020). Early evidence on social distancing in response to COVID-19 in the United States. <em>Available at SSRN 3569368</em>.</p>
<p>Atchison, C. J., Bowman, L., Vrinten, C., Redd, R., Pristera, P., Eaton, J. W., & Ward, H. (2020). Perceptions and behavioural responses of the general public during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey of UK Adults. <em>medRxiv</em>.</p>
<p>Engel, U. Public health policies beyond the state: A socio-spatial analysis of early responses to Covid-19 in Africa, 2020.</p>
<p>Fetzer, T., Witte, M., Hensel, L., Jachimowicz, J., Haushofer, J., Ivchenko, A., . . . Fiorin, S. (2020). Global Behaviors and Perceptions in the COVID-19 Pandemic.</p>
<p>Ganguly, D., Misra, S., & Goli, S. (2020). India’s COVID-19 Episode: Resilience, Response, Impact and Lessons.</p>
<p>Geldsetzer, P. (2020). Knowledge and Perceptions of COVID-19 Among the General Public in the United States and the United Kingdom: A Cross-sectional Online Survey. <em>Annals of internal medicine</em>.</p>
<p>Jittrapirom, P., & Tanaksaranond, G. (2020). An exploratory survey on the perceived risk of COVID-19 and travelling.</p>
<p>Khosravi, M. (2020). Perceived Risk of COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Public Worry and Trust. Electron J Gen Med. 2020; 17 (4): em203. In.</p>
<p>La, V.-P., Pham, T.-H., Ho, M.-T., Nguyen, M.-H., P Nguyen, K.-L., Vuong, T.-T., . . . Vuong, Q.-H. (2020). Policy Response, Social Media and Science Journalism for the Sustainability of the Public Health System Amid the COVID-19 Outbreak: The Vietnam Lessons. <em>Sustainability, 12</em>(7), 2931.</p>
<p>Lopez, C. E., Vasu, M., & Gallemore, C. (2020). Understanding the perception of COVID-19 policies by mining a multilanguage Twitter dataset. <em>arXiv preprint arXiv:2003.10359</em>.</p>
<p>Lunn, P. D., Timmons, S., Barjaková, M., Belton, C. A., Julienne, H., & Lavin, C. (2020). Motivating social distancing during the Covid-19 pandemic: An online experiment.</p>
<p>Makoni, M. (2020). Africa prepares for coronavirus. <em>The Lancet, 395</em>(10223), 483. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7133753/pdf/main.pdf</p>
<p>Meier, K., Glatz, T., Guijt, M. C., Piccininni, M., van der Meulen, M., Atmar, K., . . . Najafabadi, A. H. Z. (2020). Public perspectives on social distancing and other protective measures in Europe: a cross-sectional survey study during the COVID-19 pandemic. <em>medRxiv</em>.</p>
<p>Merkley, E., Bridgman, A., Loewen, P. J., Owen, T., Ruths, D., & Zhilin, O. (2020). A Rare Moment of Cross-Partisan Consensus: Elite and Public Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Canada. <em>Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique</em>, 1-12.</p>
<p>Nazli, T., Raheem, A., & Kishore, J. (2020). Perceptions and Practices of the Adult Population in Response to SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in India. <em>Epidemiology International (E-ISSN: 2455-7048), 5</em>(2), 10-16.</p>
<p>NCDC. (2020). An update of COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria Abuja, Nigeria2020 [cited 2020 04/05]. <em>Available from: http:// covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/index.html</em>.</p>
<p>Pakpour, A., & Griffiths, M. (2020). The fear of CoVId-19 and its role in preventive behaviors. <em>Journal of Concurrent Disorders</em>.</p>
<p>Paterlini, M. (2020). On the front lines of coronavirus: the Italian response to covid-19. <em>Bmj, 368</em>.</p>
<p>Qazi, A., Qazi, J., Naseer, K., Zeeshan, M., Hardaker, G., Maitama, J. Z., & Haruna, K. (2020). Analyzing Situational Awareness through Public Opinion to Predict Adoption of Social Distancing Amid Pandemic COVID‐19. <em>Journal of Medical Virology</em>.</p>
<p>Shehu, H., & Rao, P. D. (2020). Sociology of Covid-19: People Perceptions Regarding the Outbreak of the Pandemic among People of Northern, Nigeria. <em>Sustainable Humanosphere, 16</em>(1), 2078-2089.</p>
<p>University, J. H. (2020). An update of COVID-19 Map showing global outbreak 2020 [cited 2020 04/05]. <em>Available on </em><em>https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html</em>.</p>
<p>Van Bavel, J. J., Boggio, P., Capraro, V., Cichocka, A., Cikara, M., Crockett, M., . . . Drury, J. (2020). Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response.</p>
<p>Vijayaraghavan, P., & SINGHAL, D. (2020). A Descriptive Study of Indian General Public’s Psychological responses during COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown Period in India.</p>
<p>Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C. S., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. <em>International journal of environmental research and public health, 17</em>(5), 1729.</p>
<p>Williams, S. N., Armitage, C. J., Tampe, T., & Dienes, K. (2020). Public perceptions and experiences of social distancing and social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic: A UK-based focus group study. <em>medRxiv</em>.</p>
How to Cite
Author(s) retains full copyright of their article and grants non-exclusive publishing right to Advanced Journal of Social Science and its publisher “AIJR Publisher”. Author(s) can archive pre-print, post-print and published version/PDF to any open access, institutional repository, social media or personal website provided that Published source must be acknowledged with citation and link to publisher version.
Click here for more information on Copyright policy
Click here for more information on Licensing policy