Knowledge of Breast Cancer and Screening Methods among Rural Women in Southwest Nigeria: A Mixed Method Analysis


  • Rowland Edet Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Oluwayimika Ekundina Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Obasanjo Afolabi Bolarinwa Department of Public Health Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
  • Julianah Babajide Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Juliet Amarachukwu Nwafor Lagos Business School, Pan-Atlantic University, Lagos, Nigeria



The objective of this study was to assess the awareness of rural women on breast cancer and its screening methods in Southwest Nigeria. Descriptive cross-sectional survey design with the aid of a semi-structured questionnaire was used to generate data among 422 rural women in selected communities in Egbeda local government area of Ibadan. The qualitative data was generated through in-depth interviews among rural women and key informant interviews among health workers in the communities. The study revealed that only 63.7% were aware of breast cancer screening methods compared to 31.6% who were not aware of it. The commonly known screening method among women in the study was breast self-examination (66.7%). Some believed that breast cancer is used as a form of spiritual attack to punish women. Knowledge of breast cancer etiology was also low. The major source of information on breast cancer was radio. The study concluded that health education and programs targeting rural women should be adopted to increase their awareness of breast cancer.


Breast cancer, Breast cancer screening, Rural, Women, Nigeria


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Edet, R., Ekundina, O., Bolarinwa, O. A., Babajide, J., & Nwafor, J. A. (2020). Knowledge of Breast Cancer and Screening Methods among Rural Women in Southwest Nigeria: A Mixed Method Analysis. Advanced Journal of Social Science, 7(1), 81-91.