Herbalists and their Mode of Health Care Service Delivery in Debre Markos Town, Northwest Ethiopia

Authors

  • Eliyas Taha Department of Social Anthropology, Bahir Dar University
  • Mindaye Shimekit Woldeyohannes Department of Social Anthropology, Bahir Dar University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21467/ajss.6.1.122-137

Keywords:

biomedicine, indigenous healers, indigenous medicine, Debre markos, Ethiopia

Abstract

The administration of medicinal plants for treating human ailments is an age-old practice. Although several studies have been conducted, most of them focused on documentation of the medicinal plants and herbal knowledge. This study investigated why people use herbal medicine, from what conviction, and explains how the plants are collected, prepared and put to purpose. In order to get deeper information about the issue, both primary and secondary sources are consulted. Observation, semi structured interviews, and key informant interviews were used to collect the primary data.15 herbalists were used as informants to obtain information on knowledge acquisition, plant collection, drug preparation, preservation and administration. The study found that healers got the wisdom of herbal medicine from family; friends or relatives; as gift of God; and religious books. The study also uncovered that people visit herbal healers because of cost, cultural acceptability, easy accessibility, and dissatisfaction with modern medicine. Herbal healers are providing health services for a huge segment of the populations’ in spite of several challenges. Dominance of biomedicine, proliferation of quack healers, inheritance problems, absence of support from government authorities, and deforestation stand out as the major challenges for the progress and the very existence of indigenous medicine in general and herbal healers in particular.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

<ol>
<li class="show">Mirzaeian R. 2019. Progresses and challenges in the Traditional Medicine Information System: A Systematic Review. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacognosy Research, 7(4), 246-259.</li>
<li class="show">Tuasha N. 2018. Medical Plants Used by Traditional Healers to Treat Malignancy and other Human Ailments in Dalle District, Sidama Zone, Ethiopia<em>. Journal of ethnobiology </em>and <em>Ethnomedicine</em> (2018) 14:15.</li>
<li class="show">Wolditsadik A. 2019. Traditional Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia. <em>International Journal of biology Physics and Mathematics. </em>Volume 1, Issue 1, 2019. PP 80-87. <strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>&nbsp;</em></li>
<li class="show">Letebo A. 2018. Ethnobotanical Survey of Common Medicinal Plants Used by Alefo kebele, Amaro Wereda Area, Southern Ethiopia. <em>The Pharmaceutical and Chemical Journal</em>; 5(2):100-109.</li>
<li class="show">Tewodros A and Worku W. 2018. Ethno Botanical Study of Indigenous Knowledge on Plants to Treat Diseases in some selected Districts of Amhara National Regional state, Ethiopia. Ethiopia. <em>Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, </em> 12(29), pp. 528-536.</li>
<li class="show">Yebirzaf Y., Esubalew T and Worknesh T. 2019. The Dynamics of Medicinal Plants Utilization Practice Nexus its Health and Economic Role in Ethiopia: A Review Paper. <em>International Journal of biodiversity and conservation.</em> 11(1), pp. 31-47.</li>
<li class="show">Masresha M. 2019. Knowledge and Use of Medicinal Traditional Plant Species Ailments in Haramaya, Ethiopia<em>. </em><em>International Journal of Environmental Chemistry</em>. 3, No. 1, pp. 18-23.</li>
<li class="show">Dugassa D. et.al. 2018. Ethno Medical Survey Among the Residents of Nekemtie Town, East Wollega Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. <em>International Journal of Modern Pharmaceutical Research</em>. IJMPR2018, 2(4), 22-37.</li>
<li class="show">Andarge A.2017. Monitoring the Urban Growth of Debre Markos Town (1984-2012), Ethiopia: Using satellite Images and GPS. <em>Journal of Geography and Regional Planning</em>. 10(4):69-76.</li>
<li class="show">Abebaw M. and Akola J. 2016. Environmental Perspective of Urban Agriculture in Debre Markos Town, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. <em>British Journal of Environmental Sciences</em>. 4(2):24-36.</li>
<li class="show">Mekuriaw T. and Gokcekus H. 2019.&nbsp; The Impact of Urban Expansion on Physical Environment in Debre Markos Town, Ethiopia. 11, No.5.</li>
<li class="show">Edwards S, Tadesse M, Demissew S, Hedberg I (eds) (2000). “Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea”<em>.</em> Volume 2, part 1. <em>Magnoliaceae to</em> The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Department of Systematic Botany; Uppsala, Sweden. ISBN 978-91-971285-2-0.</li>
<li class="show">Tadesse M. Ethno botany in Ethiopia. 2008. Encyclopedia of the History, Science, Technology and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Ed. Selin H.</li>
<li class="show">Hedberg I, Edwards S, Sileshi N . “Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea”. 2003. Volume 4, Part 1. <em>Apiaceae to Dipsaceae</em>. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and Department of Systematic Botany, Uppsala, Sweden. ISBN:&nbsp;</li>
<li class="show">Yemane B. et.al. 2017. Survey of Some Common Medicinal Plants Used in Eritrean Folk Medicine. <em>American Journal of Ethno medicine</em>.</li>
<li class="show">Firew B. 2019. Ethnobotanical Studies of Medicinal Plants used to Treat Human and Livestock Ailments in Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia: <em>A Systematic Review </em><em>Journal of Plant Studies</em>; Vol. 8, No. 1.</li>
<li class="show">Tlahun T. and Moa M. 2018. Ethno botanical Study of Medical Plants Used to Treat Human Diseases in Berber District, Bale Zone of Oromia Regional State, South East Ethiopia. <em>Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine</em>.</li>
<li class="show">Boadu A. and Asase A. 2017. Documentation of Herbal Medicines Used for the Treatment and Management of Human Diseases by Some Communities in Southern Ghana. <em>Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicines</em>.</li>
<li class="show">Jyoti P. et.al. 2018. Herbs as a Traditional Medicine. <em>Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics</em>. (5): 146-150.</li>
<li class="show">Dinos S. et.al. 2018. Assessing Explanatory Models and Health Beliefs: An Essential but Overlooked Competency for Clinicians. Cambridge University Press.</li>
<li class="show">Audet C. Traditional Healer Treatment of HIV Persists in the Era of ART: A Mixed Methods Study from rural South Africa. <em>BMC</em><em> Complementary and Alternative</em> <em>Medicine</em>. Article&nbsp;number:&nbsp;434.</li>
<li class="show">Appiah S. et.al. 2018. Medicinal Plants Used in the Ejisu- Juaben Municipality, Southern Ghana: An Ethno Botanical Study. <em>Medicines</em> 2019, 6, 1.</li>
<li class="show">Karah E. 2018. Integrating Traditional Healers into the Health Care System: Challenges and Opportunities in Rural Northern Ghana. <em>Journal of Community Health</em>; 43(1): 157–163.</li>
</ol>

Downloads

Published

2019-12-10

How to Cite

Taha, E., & Woldeyohannes, M. S. (2019). Herbalists and their Mode of Health Care Service Delivery in Debre Markos Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Advanced Journal of Social Science, 6(1), 122-137. https://doi.org/10.21467/ajss.6.1.122-137

Issue

Section

Survey Article