Study of Changes in Physical Parameters of compost and vermicompost of Eucalyptus leaf litters
Vermicompost and compost of leaf litter of Eucalyptus was studied in plastic bins in duplicate sets with two different proportions (100 % and 50 %). For vermicompost experiments, epigeic earthworm species Eisenia foetida and Eudrilus eugeniae were employed at 10-10 numbers each per vermicompost bins. Cattle dung was taken as control. During the entire process physical factors viz. temperature, pH, moisture content and biomass were measured and compaired. The results were reveal that initial temperature was 35°C ± 2°C in both vermicompost and compost leaf litter and after several weeks, it was set at minimum level. In 50 % leaf litter temperature was 2-3°C higher than 100 % leaf litter. pH of both vermicompost and compost mixtures were acidic in beginning phase while set at alkaline at final stage. Vermicompost had lower pH than compost. Moisture content of leaf litter also decreased in initial phase due to generation of metabolic heat but at later phase it was increased due to decreasing of metabolic heat. More changed was seen in 100 % leaf litter followed by 50 % and then cattle dung. Biomass of leaf litter was more decreased in 100 % waste then 50 % and cattle dung.
 S A. Ismail, “Vermitechnology: The Biology of Earthworms”, Orient Longman, Chennai, India.1997.
 S. Gajalakshmi and S A. Abbasi, “Neem leaves as a source of fertilizer-cum pesticide vermicompost”, Bio resource Technology, vol.92, pp.291–296, 2004. View
 S. Gajalakshmi and S A. Abbasi,, “Vermiconversion of paper waste by earthworm born and grown in the waste-fed reactors compared to the pioneers raised to adulthood on cowdung feed” Bioresource Technology, vol. 94,pp.53–56, 2004. View
 S. Gajalakshmi, E V. Ramasamy and S A. Abbasi, “High-rate composting–vermicomposting of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes, Mart Solms)”, Bioresource Technology, vol.83, pp.235–239, 2002. View
 S. Gajalakshmi, P.Sankar Ganesh, and S A. Abbasi, “A highly cost-effective simplification in the design of fast-paced vermireactors based on epigeic earthworms”, Biochemical Engineering Journal, vol.22,pp.111–116, 2005. View
 S.Gajalakshmi, E. V. Ramasamy and S. A. Abbasi, “Composting–vermicomposting of leaf litter ensuing from the trees of mango (Mangifera indica)”, Bioresource Technology,vol. 96,pp. 1057–1061, 2005. View
 T. Takahashi, R. Kokubo and M. Sakainom, “Antimicrobial activities of Eucalyptus leaf extracts and flavonoids from Eucalyptus maculate”, Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol.39, pp.60–64, 2004. View.
 S. Shouche, P. Bhati and P. Pandey, “Study about the changes in physical parameters during vermicomposting of floral wastes” Journal of Environmental Research and Development,vol.6,no.1,pp.63-68, 2011.
 F J. Larney and R. E. Blackshaw, “Weed seed viability in composted beef cattle feedlot manure”, J. Environ. Qual,vol. 32,pp.1105-1113, 2003.
 C. Liang, K. C. Das and R. W. McClendon “The influence of temperature and moisture contents regimes on the aerobic microbial activity of a biosolids composting blend” Bioresource Technology, vol.86, no.2, pp.131–137, 2003. View
 J. Peigne and P. Girardin, “Environmental impacts of farm-scale composting practices”, Water Air Soil Pollut, vol.153,pp. 45–68, 2004.
 N. B. Singh, A. K. Khare, D. Bhargava and S. Bhattacharya, “Effect of initial substrate ph on vermicomposting using Perionyx excavatus (perrier, 1872)” Applied ecology and environmental research, vol.4, no.1, pp. 85-97, 2005. View
 K. A. Vogt, C. C. Grier and D. J. Vogt, “Production, turnover, and nutrient dynamics of above- and below ground detritus of world forests”, Adv. Ecol. Res, vol.15, pp.303-377, 1986. View
 J. R. Banu I.T. Yeom, S. Esakkiraj , N. Kumar and S. Logakanthi, “Bio management of sago-sludge using an earthworm, Eudrilus eugeniae”. Journal of Environmental Biology, vol.29,no.2, pp.143-146, 2008. View.
 P M. Ndegwa, and Thompson S. A. 2001.Integrating composting and vermicomposting in the treatment and bioconversion of biosolids. Bioresource Technology .76:107-112. View
 R. Nagar, A. Titov and P. Bhati, “Vermicomposting of green Eucalyptus leaf litter by Eisenia foetida and Eudrilus eugenia”, International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (IJEAB),vol.2, no.6,pp.2811-2818,2017. View
 R. Nagar, A. Titov and P. Bhati, “Vermicomposting of Leaf litters: Way to convert waste in to Best”, INT J CURR SCI, vol.20, no.4, pp. E 17-25, 2017. View
 NRAES.1992. On-farm composting (Ed. Rynk, Robert). Natural Resource, Agriculture, and Engineering Service, Cooperative Extension, Ithaka, New York. View.
 H. Alidadi, A. R. Paravaresh, M.R. Shahmansouri and P. Pourmoghadas,“Combined compost and vermicomposting process in the treatment and bioconversion of sludge” Iran J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng. vol.2, no.4, pp. 251-254, 2005. View.
 P M. Munnoli and S. Bhosle, “Effect of soil and cow dung proportion on vermin-composting by deep burrower and surface feeder species”, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research,vol.68,pp.57-60, 2009. View
 N A.Fairey, “An evaluation of five methods for the determination of moisture in grass seeds”, Canadian Journal of Plant Science,vol.81,no.3,pp.401-405, 2002. View
 S.J. Pirt, “Aerobic and anaerobic Microbial digestion in waste reclamation”, J Appl. Chemistry and Biotechnology. 28: 232–236, 1978.
 X. Lefebvre, S.Lanini and D. Houi “The role of aerobic activity on refuse temperature rise :I. Land fill experimental study,” Waste Manage .Res,vol.18,no.5,pp. 444–452, 2000. View
 H. Yoshida and R. K. Rowe,“Consideration Of landfill liner temperature.”Proc., Sardinia,9th Int. Waste Management and Landfill Symp., T.H. Christensen, R.Cossu and R. Stegmann, eds.,CISA, Italy, 2003.
 D.J. Suler and M.S. Finstein, “Effect of temperature, aeration, and moisture on CO2 formation in bench-scale, continuously thermophilic composting of solid waste” Appl. Environ. Microbiol . vol.33, no.2, pp.345-350,1977 View.
 C. Sundberg “Food waste composting – effects of heat, acids and size”, Ph.D. Dissertation, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2003.
 P. S. Chaudhuri, T. K. Pal, G.Bhattacharjee and S.K. Dey, “Chemical changes during vermicomposting (Perionyx excavatus) of kitchen wastes, Tropical Ecology. Vol.41,no.1,pp.107-110, 2000. View.
 K. E. Lee, “Earthworms. Their Ecology and Rela-tionships with Soils and Land Use” , Academic Press, Sydney, 1985.
 M. Ghosh, G.N. Chattopadhyay and K. Baral, “Transformation of phosphorus during vermicom-posting”, Bioresource Technology,vol. 69,pp.149-154,1999. View
 G. S. Singh, A.M. Jana and A. Shrivastava, “A review on “Anaerobic bacterial degradation of kitchen waste”. Int. J. Res. Dev. Pharm. L. Sci, vol.3, no.2, pp.850-854, 2014.
 J.Dominguez, A.Clive and C.A. Edwards, “Vermicomposting organic wastes: A Review Soil Zoology for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century” ,S.H. Shakir Hanna and W.Z.A. MikhaTl, eds, Cairo,2004.
 A.K. Sannigrah, “Biodegradation of leaf litter of tree species in presence of cow dung and earthworms” Indian Journal of Biotechnology.vol.8, pp. 335-338, 2009.
Copyright (c) 2018 Ritu Nagar, Anurag Titov, Praveesh Bhati
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Click here for more information on Copyright policy
Click here for more information on Licensing policy