Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Dissimilar Friction Stir Welding of Pure Aluminum to Low Carbon Steel

  • Mohamed Mohamed Abd Elnabi Mechanical Design and Production Engineering Department, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
  • Tarek Abd Elsadek Osman Mechanical Design and Production Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
  • Alaa Eldeen El Mokadem Mechanical Design and Production Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
  • Abou Bakr Elshalakany  Production Engineering and Printing Technology Department,  Akhbar El Yom Academy, 6 October, Egypt            

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to use friction stir welding (FSW) to join dissimilar  metals, annealed low carbon steel and A1050 pure aluminum. A butt joint with a similar sheet thickness of 1.9 mm was applied. The novelties of the research are relatively using high generated heat produced by a combination of low traverse speed and high rotational speed to perform the dissimilar joints and using a tool material (K107cold work tool steel) which has not been used in FSW with tool cooling. The present work studied the effect of FSW variables such as tilt angle, tool cooling, base metal location on mechanical properties. Tensile tests were used to evaluate the mechanical properties of the dissimilar joints. The microstructure specimens were examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Sound dissimilar joints were successfully produced. The maximum joint efficiency obtained in this study is 51.7% of the aluminum tensile strength. The microstructure images showed that many steel fragments were sheared off from the steel surface by the tool action and scattered in the weld nugget, a continuous intermetallic compound (IMC) layer formed at the interface, the thickness of the IMC layer at the interface decreased in the thickness direction of the weld. FeAl3 IMC phase was only observed at the interface.

Keywords: Friction stir welding, Tool Steel, Tilt angle, Intermetallic compound, Dissimilar metals, Tensile Strength

Author Biography

Abou Bakr Elshalakany , Production Engineering and Printing Technology Department,  Akhbar El Yom Academy, 6 October, Egypt            

  

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Published
2018-04-04
Section
Graduate Research Articles
How to Cite
[1]
M. Abd Elnabi, T. Osman, A. El Mokadem, and A. Elshalakany , “Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Dissimilar Friction Stir Welding of Pure Aluminum to Low Carbon Steel”, Advanced Journal of Graduate Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 47-58, Apr. 2018.