Utility of Biodiesel in Diesel Engine


  • Md. Zahidul Islam Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Dhaka
  • Nusrat Jahan Onny Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Dhaka
  • Suman Chowdhury Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, International University of Business Agriculture and Technology, Dhaka https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4067-3472




The energy resources from the fossil fuels are decreasing day by day. Rather fossil fuel is costly, it creates environmental problems by producing and NOx in the environment. Now it is argent to find a solution. The solution can be renewable energy. In this paper the effort was to find the utility of biodiesels in the conventional diesel engine. This biofuel or biodiesel is extracted from Soybean methyl ester (SME). We compared the basic performance characteristics diesel, SME 20 and SME 100 in unmodified diesel engine. This experiment will be helpful to find out the utility of SME type biodiesel in conventional diesel engine so that the uses of fossil fuels can be reduced in quick rental power plants and other uses. We can use biodiesel as substitute in an economic tariff and efficient way.


Biodiesel, Soybean methyl ester (SME), diesel engine, performance.


Download data is not yet available.


<p>[1]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Sunil Kumar, A. ChaubeS.Kumar “Experimental evaluation of C.I. engine performance using diesel blended with Jatropha biodiesel”, international journal of energy and environment volume 3, issue 3, 2012 pp.471-484.</p>
<p>[2]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;B. Gokalp, E. Buyukkaya, H.S. Soyhan, ‘Performance and emissions of a diesel tractor engine fueled with marine diesel and soybean methyl ester’, International journal of biomass and bioenergy, (2011), 3575-3583.</p>
<p>[3]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; CengizOner and SehmusAltun, “Biodiesel production from inedible animal tallow and an experimental investigation of its use as alternative fuel in a direct injection diesel engine”, journal of applied energy, 2009.</p>
<p>[4]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; B.RajendraP.Tamilporai, Mohd.F.Shabir, “Simulation and Analysis of Combustion Performance and Emission Characteristics of Biodiesel Fueled Low Heat Rejection Direct Injection Diesel Engine”, SAE Paper No. 2007-32-0094.</p>
<p>[5]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Mohd.F.Shabir, Tamilporai P., and RajendraPrasath, ‘Analysis of Combustion, Performance and Emission Characteristics of Turbocharged LHR Extended Expansion DI Diesel Engine’, International Journal of Mechanical Systems Science and Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 126-137, 2010.</p>
<p>[6]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; V. Ganesan, “Computer simulation of compression ignition engines”, University Press (India) Ltd.; 2000.</p>
<p>[7]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Mohamed F. Al-Dawody, S.K. Bhatti, Effect of soybean oil biofuel blending on the performance and emissions of diesel engine using diesel-rk software, International journal of engineering science and technology, 4539-4555, (2011).</p>
<p>[8]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A.S. Ramadhas_, S. Jayaraj, C. Muraleedharan, “Theoretical modeling and experimental studies on biodiesel-fueled engine”, Renewable Energy 31, 1813–1826. 2006.</p>
<p>[9]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; B. Rajendra, P. Tamil ,Mohd. F. Shabir,’ Two-zone modeling of diesel/biodiesel blended fuel operated ceramic coated direct injection diesel engine’, International journal of energy and environment, volume 1, Issue 6, pp.1039-1056, 2010.</p>
<p>[10]&nbsp; &nbsp;J.B. Heywood, “Internal combustion engines fundamentals”,Tata McGraw Hill Book Company; 1989.</p>
<p>[11]&nbsp; Woschni, G., "A Universally Applicable Equation for the Instantaneous Heat Transfer Coefficient in the Internal Combustion Engine", SAE Paper No.670931, 1967.</p>
<p>[12]&nbsp; Marcus K.,’ A specific heat ratio model and compression ratio estimation’, Linkoping studies in science and technology, thesis no.1104, 2004.</p>
<p>[13]&nbsp; Http://www.diesel-rk.bmstu.ru.</p>
<p>[14]&nbsp; Mohamed F. Al-Dawody, S.K. Bhatti, ‘Simulation and optimazation study for the reduction of Nox emissions of diesel engine working with soybean oil biofuel blendings using diesel-rk software’,27th national convention of chemical engineering, September 30 - October 01, 2011.</p>
<p>[15]&nbsp; A. N. Ozsezen, M. Canakci, ‘Determination of performance and combustion characteristics of a dieselengine fueled with canola and waste palm oil methyl esters’, Int. journal of Energy Conversion and Management, volume.52, 108-116, (2011).</p>
<p>[16]&nbsp; D.Tamilvendhan “performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a methyl ester</p>
<p>sunflower oil eucalyptus oil in a single cylinder air cooled and direct injection diesel engine”,</p>
<p>International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 3 March 2011.</p>
<p>[17]&nbsp; V.Ganesan,’Internal combustion Engines’, published by Tata McGraw hill education privatelimited, 2007.</p>
<p>[18]&nbsp; W. Yuan, A. Hansen, ‘Computational investigation of the effect of biodiesel fuel properties ondiesel engine NOx emissions’, Int J Agric&amp;BiolEng, June,2009.</p>
<p>[19]&nbsp; Monyem, A.“The effect of biodiesel oxidation on engine performance and emissions”. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, 1998.</p>
<p>[20]&nbsp; Canakci M. ‘Combustion characteristics of a turbocharged DI compression ignition engine fueledwith petroleum diesel fuels and biodiesel’’. Bioresour Technol;98:1167–75.,2007.</p>
<p>[21]&nbsp; Mustafa Canakci and Jon H. Van Gerpen, “Comparison of Engine Performance and Emissions forPetroleum Diesel Fuel, Yellow Grease Biodiesel, and Soybean Oil Biodiesel”, Presented as Paper No. 016050 at the 2001 ASAE&nbsp; California, USA July 30-August 1, 2001.</p>
<p>[22]&nbsp; METHYL-ESTER SOYBEAN OIL: BIODIESEL GopiUttarakavatam, Balaji G, Bholu Kumar, ChhotaBabu, Ravi Chandra Ganesh P,Vol.02 No.01, April 2012.</p>
<p>[23]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Mohamed F. Al-Dawody, S. K. Bhatti, “Theoretical modeling of combustion characteristics and performance parameters of biodiesel in DI diesel engine with variable compression ratio”, International Journal of Energy &amp; Environment, 2013, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p231-242.</p>
<p>[24] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Chang. Y. Z. D. Van Gerpen. J.H. Lee. I. Johnson. L.A. Hammond. E.G. and Marley. S.J. Fuel Properties and Emissions of Soybean Oil Esters as Diesel&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fuel .J. AOC'S. vol. 73. No. 11. 1996. pp. 1549-1555with variable compression ratio, Volume 4, Issue 2, 2013 pp.231-242.</p>
<p>[25]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Scholl. K.W., Sorenson. S.C. Combustion of Soybean Oil Methyl Ester in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine. SAE paper 930934. 1993</p>
<p>[26] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Indraj Singh, V.Sahni, “Electric Power Generation Using Jatropha Biodiesel and Its Blend as Fuel in CI Engine for Rural Area”, Annual Conference on Life Science and Engineering, At OSAKA, JAPAN.</p>






Graduate Research Articles

How to Cite

M. Z. Islam, N. J. Onny, and S. Chowdhury, “Utility of Biodiesel in Diesel Engine”, Adv. J. Grad. Res., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 8-17, Mar. 2020.