Plasmonics: A Path to Replace Electronics and Photonics by Scalable Ultra-fast Technology

  • Mallikarjun G Hudedmani KLE Institute of Technology, Opposite to Airport, Gokul, Hubballi, Karnataka, India
  • Bindu Suresh Pagad Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, KLE Institute of Technology, Opposite to Airport, Gokul, Hubballi, Karnataka, India


Semiconductor devices, circuits, and components are dependent upon miniaturization for transporting huge amounts of data at a high speed these provide the ability to control the transport and storage of electrons. Current communication systems are based on either electrons or photonics. These modern electronic devices for information processing and sensing are functioning almost close to their fundamental speed and bandwidth limitations which a serious problem. The performance of electronic circuits, as well as photonics, is now becoming rather limited when digital information needs to be sent from one point to another. Plasmonics is a new technology a kind of photonics-based on surface plasmons viable. Surface plasmons are a way of guiding light. Surface Plasmon (SP) based circuits, which merge electronics and photonics at the nanoscale, may offer a solution to the size-compatibility problem. Optical fiber communication (OFC) is a well-known light enabled information transmission mechanism communicates very effectively over large distance. Surface plasmons, on the other hand, can guide light only over distances of tens or hundreds of microns. Surface plasmons are the electromagnetic (optical) waves get generated from the interaction between light and the mobile conduction electrons on the surface of a metal. The surface plasmons created by the interaction of light near the surface possess unique advantages like the high speed of communication which is very essential for the current generation of electrical and medical fields.

Keywords: Plsmonics, Plasmons, Photonics, Ultrafast


Download data is not yet available.


  1. Leuthold, R. Bonjour, Y. Salamin, C. Hoessbacher, W. Heni, C. Haffner, A. Josten, B. Baeuerle, M. Ayata, A. Messner, U. Koch, T. Watanabe, Y. Fedoryshyn, P. Ma, M. Burla, D. L. Elder, and L. R. Dalton, "Plasmonics for Communications," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper M3G.2.

  2. Tong Zhang, Xuefeng Liu, Qin Chen, Jing Chen, and Haider Butt, “Plasmonics and Nanophotonics,” Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2014, Article ID 746195, 1 page, 2014.

  3. Giovanni Manfredi, Preface to Special Topic: Plasmonics and solid state plasmasPhys. Plasmas 25, 031701 (2018).

  4. Mark L. Brongersma, Rashid Zia, and Jon Schuler, “Plasmonics- The Missing Link between Nanoelectronics and Microphotonics”, Vol 3, Issue 3, page 360-362, 2007.

  5. Dmitri K. Gramotnev and Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit”, Nature Photonics, Vol 4, page 83-91, Feb 2010.

  6. Mark I Stockman et al, “Roadmap on plasmonics”, Journal of Optics, J. Opt. 20 (2018) 043001, page 39, 2018.

  7. Nivedha, P. Ramesh Babu and K. Senthilnathan, “Surface plasmon resonance: physics and technology”, Current Science a fortnightly journal of research, Vol 115, Issue 1, page 56-63, 10th July 2018.

  8. Viktoriia E. Babicheva, Nathaniel Kinsey, Gururaj V. Naik, Andrei V. Lavrinenko, Vladimir M. Shalaev, Alexandra Boltasseva, “Ultra-compact modulators based on novel CMOS-compatible plasmonic materials”, Vol 21 Issue 22, page 27326-27337, 2013.

  9. Vandana Sharma, Shrishti Sharma, Roshan Jain, “Plasmonics Technology – A Review”, World Journal of Research and Review (WJRR), Vol 1, Issue 2, Pages 06-08, December 2015

  10. Rishabh Chickballapur Nagaraj, Sativada Monica, Dr. M. N. Thippeswamy, “Plasmonics -A New Device Technology”, International Journal for Scientific Research & Development, Vol 1, Issue 9, page 1870-1874, 2013.

  11. P. Fitrakis, C. Kachris, A. Scandurra, A. Melikyan, M. Sommer, M. Kohl, J. Leuthold, V. Dolores-Calzadilla, M. K. Smit, D. Van Thourhout, Z. Hens, I. Suarez, J. Martinez-Pastor, I. Tomkos, 2012, “Plasmonic technology innovation: The chip-to-chip interconnect”, NAVOLCHI, page 1-9, October 2012.

  12. Joel D. Cox and F. Javier Garcı´a de Abajo, “Electrically tunable nonlinear plasmonics in graphene nanoislands”, Nature Communications, page 1-8, December 2014.

  13. Ekmel Ozbay, “Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions” Science vol 13, pp189-193, 2006.

  14. Josep Miquel Jornet and Ian F. Akyildiz, “Graphene-based Plasmonic Nano-Antenna for Terahertz Band Communication in Nanonetworks”, IEEE Journal on selected areas in communications/supplement-Part 2, Vol 31, Issue 12, page 685-694, December 2013.

  15. Nanfang Yu, Romain Blanchard, Jonathan Fan, Qi Jie Wang, Christian Pfl ugl, Laurent Diehl, Tadataka Edamura, Shinichi Furuta, Masamichi Yamanishi, Hirofumi Kan and Federico Capasso, “ Plasmonics for  Laser  Beam  Shaping,    IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology”, Vol  9, Issue 1, page 11-29, January 2010.

  16. Hassan M.   Wassel, Daoxin Dai, Mohit Tiwari, Jonathan K.   Valamehr, Luke       Theogarajan, Jennifer   Dionne, Frederic T.  Chong,   Timothy  Sherwood, “Opportunities   and  Challenges  of  using  Plasmonic  Components in Nanophotonic  Architectures”, IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in   Circuits and Systems Vol 2, Issue 2, page 1-12, June 2012. 

  17. Javier García de Abajo, “Graphene  Plasmonics: Challenges and  Opportunities”, ACS    photonics, Vol 1, page 135−152, 2014.

  18. Onur Tokel, Fatih Inci and Utkan Demirci, “Advance in Plasmonic Technologies for Point of Care Applications” Chem. Rev., Vol 114, page 5728−5752, 2014.

  19. Joseph R. Lakowicz, Joanna Malicka, Evgenia Matveeva, Ignacy Gryczynski, and Zygmunt Gryczynski, “Plasmonic Technology: Novel Approach to Ultrasensitive Immunoassays”, July 2005.

How to Cite
M. Hudedmani and B. Pagad, “Plasmonics: A Path to Replace Electronics and Photonics by Scalable Ultra-fast Technology”, Adv. J. Grad. Res., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 37-44, Oct. 2019.